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The most popular Latin dance composed of quick steps.
A dance to a 4/4 tempo.
Originated as an English folk dance, in a 2/4 tempo.
Evolved from the jazz era. There are three types: triple, double, and single, depending on the tempo of the music. Uses a hold similar to the fox trot. Also known as the lindy.
waltz: An elegant smooth dance in a 3/4 tempo, with accent on the first beat
A rolling movement through the body.
Also called a back bend.
With back on the floor, chest lifts off the floor.
Like an arabesque turn, but the toes stay in contact with the floor.
Balance on the coccyx, both knees bent with lower legs parallel to ceiling and feet pointed, torso may tilt slightly backward, arms are parallel with lower legs.
Tightening the abdominals, tucking the pelvis, and forming a “C” with the torso so that the shoulders are over the pelvis. [Graham technique].
A high straight leg kick in which the gesture leg makes a swooping circular arc across the front of the body.
:Position in which the legs are in parallel, the back is kept flat, parallel to the floor, with the torso hinged at the hips.
Slide on a diagonal line in passé.
Weight-bearing position of the foot in which the heel is lifted and the knee is bent with extreme metatarsal dorsiflexion.
Legs are in parallel, pelvis is pressed diagonally forward, torso tilted diagonally backward, knees are bent and approximately 3” off the floor, heels are raised to 1/4” relevé
Moving one part of the body, such as the head, shoulder, ribs, or hips, while the rest are immobile.
Arms are crossed overhead with fingers in jazz hands.
Fingers are spread.
A tilt of the torso in which the knees are bent and at a 45° angle, the back is flat, and the heels are lifted. [Horton technique].
A side stretch of the torso, with legs in 2nd position. [Horton technique].
A large, open fourth position in which one knee is bent (usually the front), and the other is straight.
Legs are in parallel, torso is straight, knees are fully bent, with heels remaining on the floor in a squat.
A relaxing or arching movement.
Also called a toe touch jump in second position.
Shoulder shaking: alternating in a rapid motion.
Feet in parallel, and together. (Also known as parallel first).
Rotation of the torso around the pelvis.
Leap in which the forward leg is in parallel passé and the backward leg is in attitude turned out.
Position in which the arms, legs, and body make a “V” shape.
Flexing the hand and pushing the palm away from the shoulder.
Two quick changes of weight from one ball of the foot to the other.
Clicking of the heels together while in the air.
Two measure movement that follows a six measure movement. A slight change in the normal rhythm of a movement pattern.
Striking of the ball of the foot or the toe tap against the floor. This is usually done in a direction. A backward brush is called a spank.
buck / chug:
Forward movement emphasizing the heel drop with weight on the same foot.
Step consisting of a step, shuffle, and a leap.
forward or sideward
A brush, hop on the opposite foot, shuffle and a step. This step is performed traveling backwards and alternates feet.
Step using toe and heel drops in a specific pattern.
Digging of the heel into the floor without weight transfer.
Pulling of the free foot from an open to a closed position with a sliding motion.
Basic movement associated with soft shoe dancing.
Brush and step with transfer of weight.
heel / heel drop:
Forceful dropping of the heel on the floor, with the weight placed on the ball of the same foot.
Jump into the air, landing on the same foot and keeping the heel lifted.
Movement adopted from Irish folk dances which consists of a shuffle, hop, and a step. This can be done traveling forwards or backwards.
Spring into the air from both balls of the feet and landing on the same.
A spring into the air, from one foot to the other.
Step named for a famous dancer. Consists of a step, shuffle, leap, tap.
Series of quick, consecutive taps with heel, ball, toe, or tips.
Hop on one foot with a back brush in the air, landing on the same foot. Can be done as singles, doubles, or alternating. Shuffles and taps can also be added.
Pulse of the music. Rhythm dance is composed of broken rhythms, syncopation, and off beats.
Movement combining a brush and a scuff on the same foot.
Riff combined with a spank.
Forward movement hitting the heel of the foot on the ground.
Scuff followed by a spank.
Name of a time step dance.
Brush followed by a spank.
Flap without weight transfer.
Type of dance, originally done without shoes.
A backward brush of the ball of the foot.
Step onto the entire foot with weight transfer.
Step onto the ball of the foot without weight transfer.
Stamp without weight transfer.
Accenting the weak part of the beat.
Striking the ball of the foot without weight transfer.
An eight measure movement, used to set the tempo.